A holiday destination for more than 200 years, it is known for its sandy beaches, chalk cliffs and Bodden lagoons. In a number of the seaside towns you can find noble resort architecture (Bäderarchitektur) style buildings from the 19th/20th century.
UNESCO World Heritage Site with primeval beach forest and coastal landscape, the most famous chalk cliff being the 117m high Königsstuhl (King's chair)
the ruins of world's largest hotel which, however, was never completed. Today turned into modern apartments, youth hostels, museums and event locations (like the nightclub M3 Prora) while still being mostly empty.
with its 50m high steep cliffs it is the northernmost place in East Germany, situated on Rügen north of Putgarten.
Towns and villages
- Bergen, the island's largest town.
- Putbus – the "white town"
- Sassnitz, a harbor town with a car ferry connection to Trelleborg in Sweden and Rønne on the Danish island of Bornholm. The place is right next to the Jasmund National Park with its famous chalk cliffs. Its old care offers unique resort architecture.
- Garz, the oldest town on Rügen.
- Altenkirchen, including Drewoldke, Gudderitz, Lanckensburg, Mattchow, Schwarbe, Presenske, Wollin and Zühlitz.
The size and shape of the island provides 574km of coastline. The beaches are generally excellent for bathing. In the main season dogs are only allowed on designated dog beaches (Hundestrände), but there are plenty of these. Also on the island are a few nudist (FKK - Freikörperkultur) beaches.