capital city of Scotland, and local government council area
village in United Kingdom
town in Scotland
town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland
Livingston is the fourth post-war new town to be built in Scotland, designated in 1962. It is located approximately 15 miles (25 km) west of Edinburgh and 30 miles (50 km) east of Glasgow, and is bordered by the towns of Broxburn to the northeast and Bathgate to the northwest.
Livingston is the largest town in the West Lothian area. It was built around a collection of small villages, Livingston Village, Bellsquarry and Livingston Station (now Nether Dechmont or Deans ). It contains a number of residential precincts or areas. These include Craigshill, Howden, Dedridge, Ladywell, Knightsridge, Murieston, Adambrae, Deans and Eliburn. Its neighbouring villages include Polbeth, West Calder, East Calder, Mid Calder, Uphall Station and Pumpherston. Livingston itself is the 7th largest town in Scotland, based on 2004 population estimates. The 2001 census showed the town had a population of 50,826 (24,451 male and 26,375 female) and an urban agglomeration population (including Mid Calder and East Calder) of 59,511.
Livingston is also the second largest settlement in the Lothians after Edinburgh. Until 1963 the area surrounding the ancient village of Livingston was open farm land. The name was taken from this village which dates back to 12th Century when a Flemish entrepreneur called De Leving was granted land in the area. He built a fortified tower which is long since gone and the settlement that grew up around it became known as Levingstoun, Layingston and eventually Livingston.
After almost 50 years of rapid growth, what was once "Livingston New Town" has for some time just been known as Livingston.
Livingston was the fourth of the Scottish new towns built to accommodate overspill from Glasgow's highly populated city centre following the Second World War.
Livingston now covers over ten square miles of the River Almond valley to the south of the line of the M8 motorway, and has a population of around 50,000. The key to Livingston's success has been its location just 15 miles west of Edinburgh and 30 east of Glasgow.
As for the name of the town, it was taken from the existing Livingston Village, one of a number of old settlements which add character to their newer neighbours. Livingston actually dates back to the 1100s when a Flemish entrepreneur called De Leving was granted land in the valley. He built a fortified tower, and the settlement that grew up around it became known as Levingstoun and, later, Livingston.