city in Pakistan and capital of the Sindh province
city in Pakistan
city in Pakistan
Hyderabad early history dates back to a small fishing village known as Neroon Kot, named after its local Sindhi ruler named Neroon on the banks of mighty River Indus.
Later, Hyderabad was founded in 1768 by Kalhora dynasty chief Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro upon the ruins of Neroon Kot and the city was made capital of Sindh and its started to expand, progressed and flourished and obtained the nickname of Heart of the Mehran as the Kalhora ruler Mian Ghulam Shah was said to have fallen in love with the city. After the death of the last Kalhoro ruler, the Talpur dynasty conquered the region. The city expanded, progressed and flourished more under the Talpur rulers. The Talpur rule lasted almost over 50 years and in 1843, Talpurs faced a greater threat from the British forces due to the invasion of expanding British colonial empire. The British came face-to-face with the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani on 17 February 1843 under the command of General Napier who was firmly determined in conquering Sindh and plundering Hyderabad. The battle ended on 24 March 1843 when the Talpur Amirs lost and the city came into the hands of the British and thus the city was made the part of the Bombay Presidency of British colonial empire.
After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India were settled in refugee camps in Hyderabad. Nearly all Hindus of Hyderabad left for India due to better socio-economic prospects in India. The massive migration of Muhajirs into Pakistan after the independence of Pakistan in 1947 raised the population levels of the city to an extreme. The late 1980s saw a black period in the history of Hyderabad as riots and violence broke out between the Muhajirs and Sindhi nationalist parties due to which the social fabric of the city was damaged. Until 1955 the city of Hyderabad served as the capital of Sindh province, which was later dissolved and Karachi was made the capital of Sindh.
Hyderabad has a relatively mountainous climate somehow better from other parts of Central Sindh throughout the year. Hyderabad has two main seasons; summer and winter, while spring and autumn are very short. The period from mid-April to late June is the hottest time of the year as temperate rises to as high as 48.5 °C whereas winters are usually warm and so best time to visit the city. Temperate remains around 25 °C during day time and often drop below 10 °C at night. The highest ever recorded temperature in Hyderabad is 48.5°C in 1991 while the lowest is 1°C in 2012.